Cage diving

The good ventures have:

  • Music or decoys to attract the sharks
  • Education outputs
  • Boat limits and regulations
  • Authorised permits

The bad ventures:

  • Chum the water or feed the sharks to attract them
  • No education outputs
  • Many boats come to the same area every day
  • No regulation or permits



The good ones have:

  • Educational outputs
  • Conservation outputs
  • Aquariums mimicking natural habitat
  • Good quality maintenance of facilities
  • Endorses natural behaviour of wildlife

The bad ones have:

  • No educational outputs
  • No conservation outputs
  • Aquariums do not mimic natural habitat
  • Irregular maintenance of facilities
  • Provokes unnatural behaviour of wildlife




The Good ones have:

  • Conservation outputs
  • Education outputs
  • Enclosures mimicking natural habitat
  • Stimulating enrichment
  • Well maintained facilities
  • Endorsed natural behaviours for animals

The bad ones have:

  • No conservation outputs
  • No education outputs
  • Small or non stimulating enclosures
  • No enrichment
  • Damaged facilities
  • Provoked unnatural behaviours


Animal Tourist Parks

Animal Tourist Parks?

Tourist parks are designed as areas where tourists can pay money to see and or interact with animals. Activities at a tourist park may involve photo opportunities, feeding and touching animals.

Why are these places bad?

  • Animals are usually fed only a subsection of their full diets
  • Tourists are often encouraged to feed high calorie foods to animals
  • Touching animals transfers insect repellent and diseases to animals
  • Animals aren’t often encouraged to perform natural behaviours as there are too many humans around
  • Camera flashes may damage animal retinas

How can I see animals instead?

  • Ethical zoos
  • National parks
  • Safaris
  • Guided tours
  • Eco tours


Sea Parks

What constitutes a sea park?

A sea park is any place where cetaceans (whales and dolphins) as well as other marine mammals are held to perform for human entertainment.

Why shouldn’t I go to them?

  • Animals are separated from their offspring at birth causing severe social and emotional damage
  • Animals are captured from the wild which often resorts in a mass slaughter of remaining individuals that were not collected for the parks, for consumption
  • Animals are held in swimming pools which are too small for comfortable and stimulating movement. Car parks in these ventures are often allocated more space than the enclosures
  • Animals are often kept with members of different social groups which often leads in fight related damage to their skin
  • Orca fins often flop over in captivity
  • Animal lifespan is reduced

Where can I see marine mammals instead?

  • Whale watching tours
  • Dolphin cruises
  • Viewing points on coastlines

Where can I find out more?

You can watch The Cove to find out more about dolphin capture for sea parks and Black Fish to find out more about captive lives for orcas in sea parks.



Circuses and animal performances

Animal performances?

Many animals all over the world are trained to perform various acts for human entertainment. Examples of this would be elephants doing handstands, dancing bears and monkeys riding tricycles.

What is so bad about animals performing?

  • Animals are kept in small cages
  • Animals are subjected to a poor diet
  • Negative re-enforcement is used to train animals such as hitting them with sticks
  • Frequent transportation of animals
  • High exposure to stress
  • Natural behaviours are beat out of the animals
  • No normal social interactions between animals

What are some better ways to see animals be entertaining?

  • Go anywhere with macaques, sit in a human populated place and watch the mischief they get up to
  • Watch wild dolphins play
  • Get a puppy, throw it a ball

Elephant Riding

Are all kinds of elephant riding unethical?

Unlike a horse, an elephant’s spinal structure is not built for carrying a load. Any form of riding from bare back to using a howdah, a wooden or metal seating frame, is uncomfortable and damaging to the physiology of elephants.

Why is riding elephants so bad?

  • Elephants are trained using “Phajaan” which is a training method based around negative reinforcement
  • Elephants are whacked in their most sensitive areas with “bull hooks” which are spears with hooks on the end
  • To perform in shows and circuses, elephants may be subjected to million volt shocks in order to get them to stand on their front feet
  • Elephants are worked beyond exhaustion, some even having to see tourists even if they are dangerous

What is a better way to see elephants?

  • National parks
  • Ethical sanctuaries
  • Road sides
  • Safaris

Where can I find out more?

Watch Tyke the Elephant Outlaw to find out more about elephants in circuses and watch Love and Bananas to find out more about elephants involved in tourist trekking and logging.